Notice the tabs to access the Layer 2 / Layer 3 IPv4 / Layer 3 IPv6 Diagrams! I don't know if others are expecting this, but this was a TKO punch when I first opened the first simulation question in Boson, and had no idea what to look at and start pinging. I just cannot … Continue reading TSHOOT – HUGE shout out for Boson Exam Simulator for the 300-115 TSHOOT exam, and of course my study resources!
This will be the BGP Topology you will very likely be working Trouble tickets from on the TSHOOT, it could be iBGP or eBGP, and there is a whole lot of BGP to know even for that! Review of BGP BGP is called a "Path Vector" Protocol that basically is the internet at Layer 3, … Continue reading TSHOOT – Gigantic BGP review, verification commands, and troubleshooting for exam day!
To round off Redistribution series of posts for Dynamic Routing Redistribution, what better way to drive it home, than to Redistribute every Dynamic Routing Domain into every other one and see what we can break? There will be a LOT of output from this lab to demonstrate how to verify and configure / troubleshoot everything … Continue reading TSHOOT – Redistribution Part 5 – The OSPF / EIGRP / BGP / Redistribution lab!
Going back to this above visualization of 2-way Redistribution which is a perfect case use for a Route-Map to perform "Route Tagging" for routes being Redistributed, which assigns tag # values to Routes as they Redistribute and can filter (drop) routes that contain a certain tag value to ensure routes are not re-learned into their … Continue reading TSHOOT – Redistribution Part 4 – Route-Map review, and COMPLETE review of Redistribution issues and Troubleshooting – Must know info for exam day!
I will wrap this up with a look at OSPF and BGP Redistribution, above is a Topology I labbed during ROUTE studies of the BGP MED concept, this is to demonstrate visually the difference of iBGP vs eBGP being the AS that BGP Routers reside in. Troubleshooting Redistribution into OSPF and OSPFv3 OSPF is very … Continue reading TSHOOT – Redistribution Part 3 – OSPF, OSPFv3, and BGP Redistribution review and troubleshooting!
The above graphic is a visual demonstration of how Redistributing routes works, as we are not taking one route from a routing protocol and placing it into another protocol, we are taking routes from the IP table and placing it into "routing protocol data structures" if you remember that phrase. What Route Redistribution is at … Continue reading TSHOOT – Redistribution Part 2 – Detailed review of Redistribution, Seed Metric, RIPv2, RIPng, EIGRP IPv4 and IPv6 behaviors and troubleshooting!
While getting together some command prompt syntax from my lab, I got a jolt of nostalgia from labbing ROUTE, and decided to instead configure the lab Topology shown above as I started configuring my switches for Layer 3 routing and before I knew it I was troubleshooting OSPF and EIGRP Ajdacencies! I will try to … Continue reading TSHOOT – Redistribution Part 1 – Configuring an OSPF / EIGRP / iBGP Lab to completion, ready for Redistribution!
Being that it has been quite awhile since my ROUTE, this will contain a lot of core / foundation concepts, and tie them into troubleshooting as I go. That said, here we go! OSPFv2 (IPv4) review and troubleshooting OSPF is configured with a Process # that is locally significant only "router ospf #" and networks … Continue reading TSHOOT – OSPFv2, OPSv3, OSPF Address-Families, huge LSA / LSDB review, and troubleshooting everything OSPF!
The displayed Topology is just an image from a ROUTE lab I ran through years ago, however most of the Review / Troubleshooting will be reviewed in IPv4 as it is exactly the same in IPv6 mode, literally only difference is the IPv6 Multicast Address. Named Mode EIGRP is a whole nother animal, it should … Continue reading TSHOOT – EIGRP for IPv4, IPv6, and the beast of a topic EIGRP “Named Mode” review and troubleshooting!
There are RIPv2 and IPv6 RIPng posts previously regarding this subject, so I will be Rippng (pun intended) right on through this article, if you type "Rip" into the search function a lot of the articles for RIPv2 will be redistribution and one for RIPng which is very straight forward. However those are more focused … Continue reading TSHOOT – Ripv2 and RIPng review and troubleshooting!
Above is the IP Packet Switching architecture, with the IP Route / ARP Table at the "Control Plane" at the Top, which then feeds the FIB (Forward Information Base) aka IP CEF and Adjacency Table to perform Hardware Packet Switching. Packet Switching is covered extremely in depth in this article, however it will be briefly … Continue reading TSHOOT – IPv4 Route Selection / Packet Switching process, Static Routing for IPv4 and IPv6 with troubleshooting!
It's easy to assume that an Access-List may be blocking traffic to a Destination IP in a TSHOOT Topology / Trouble ticket, so it is important to know exactly how to read them, and to assess if it applies to your trouble ticket! IPv4 Standard / Extended / Time-Based ACL review / troubleshooting I will … Continue reading TSHOOT – Standard / Extended / Time-Based ACLs, Prefix-List review and troubleshooting!
Above is the IPv6 TSHOOT Topology, and though I will not go into RIPng or OSPFv3 in this article, I want to begin identifying IPv6 subnetworks without hesitation! The full article to understand IPv6 / Subnetting can be found here. A quick review of IPv6 Addressing concepts An IPv6 Address is 128 bits / 64 … Continue reading TSHOOT – IPv6 EUI-64, SLAAC, Auto-Configuration, DHCPv6 Stateful and Stateless review and troubleshooting!
Total credit to Wikipedia for the above graphic, it perfectly describes how Hex breaks down to binary, as I've heard so many complicated explanations of Hex that are just unnecessary when Hex is just representations of 4-bit groupings (1 byte). Hex has way too many complex explanations! Generally Hex is represented 2 characters at a … Continue reading TSHOOT – Hex Conversion and IPv6 Addressing simplified for IPv6 TSHOOT Topology, multiple subnetting examples, some real world talk mixed in!
Will cover the three FHRP's for the CCNP R/S in the article, review some very basics of each protocol, and jump into commands to troubleshoot them on TSHOOT day! HSRP (Hot Standby Router Protocol) Review and Troubleshooting Review HSRP is Cisco Propriety HSRP works on both Layer 3 switches and Cisco Routers Hello 3 sec … Continue reading TSHOOT – HSRP, VRRP, and GLBP First Hop Redundancy Protocol review and troubleshooting!