After taking a step from this lab to think about what is logically needed to make this work, I realized there is no "Redistribution" propagating routes over the L3 VPN between Customer A Site 1 / Customer A Site 2, so they have no idea how to respond to each other. The confusion in this … Continue reading MPLS – Finishing up Redistribution / Connectivity between Customers over the MPLS / L3 VPN, a review of everything learnt up to this point, and all running configs published for future review!
To round off Redistribution series of posts for Dynamic Routing Redistribution, what better way to drive it home, than to Redistribute every Dynamic Routing Domain into every other one and see what we can break? There will be a LOT of output from this lab to demonstrate how to verify and configure / troubleshoot everything … Continue reading TSHOOT – Redistribution Part 5 – The OSPF / EIGRP / BGP / Redistribution lab!
Going back to this above visualization of 2-way Redistribution which is a perfect case use for a Route-Map to perform "Route Tagging" for routes being Redistributed, which assigns tag # values to Routes as they Redistribute and can filter (drop) routes that contain a certain tag value to ensure routes are not re-learned into their … Continue reading TSHOOT – Redistribution Part 4 – Route-Map review, and COMPLETE review of Redistribution issues and Troubleshooting – Must know info for exam day!
I will wrap this up with a look at OSPF and BGP Redistribution, above is a Topology I labbed during ROUTE studies of the BGP MED concept, this is to demonstrate visually the difference of iBGP vs eBGP being the AS that BGP Routers reside in. Troubleshooting Redistribution into OSPF and OSPFv3 OSPF is very … Continue reading TSHOOT – Redistribution Part 3 – OSPF, OSPFv3, and BGP Redistribution review and troubleshooting!
The above graphic is a visual demonstration of how Redistributing routes works, as we are not taking one route from a routing protocol and placing it into another protocol, we are taking routes from the IP table and placing it into "routing protocol data structures" if you remember that phrase. What Route Redistribution is at … Continue reading TSHOOT – Redistribution Part 2 – Detailed review of Redistribution, Seed Metric, RIPv2, RIPng, EIGRP IPv4 and IPv6 behaviors and troubleshooting!
While getting together some command prompt syntax from my lab, I got a jolt of nostalgia from labbing ROUTE, and decided to instead configure the lab Topology shown above as I started configuring my switches for Layer 3 routing and before I knew it I was troubleshooting OSPF and EIGRP Ajdacencies! I will try to … Continue reading TSHOOT – Redistribution Part 1 – Configuring an OSPF / EIGRP / iBGP Lab to completion, ready for Redistribution!
Route-Maps are used for multiple different purposes as shown in the example above, this specific Route-Map itself would never exist in a real world scenario, because the sequences demonstrate several different use cases for Route-Maps in the sequences. Review of sequences from the Route-Map posted above A few concepts of Route-Maps is that the "permit" … Continue reading TSHOOT – Route-Maps, Policy Based Routing (PBR), and Local Policy Routing review and troubleshooting!
I will start this off by stating that we will start redistribution on the ASBR specified R2 to examine LSA types 4 and 5 (and where we can spot them), and R1 will eventually also be turned into an ASBR when we redistribute some loopback routes into the NSSA Area so we can review type … Continue reading Part 2: OSPF LSA DEEP Dive, LSA Types 4 / 5, and turn Area 15 to an NSSA to see what happens with the LS Database!
I was going to bring R1 in on this with a Point-to-Point Serial cable, to make the Topology look a little less pathetic than the usual all out routers everywhere model, however for these topics I only need these 3 - Though I may need to for further IPv6 studies. So far I've confirmed the … Continue reading IPv6 Redistribution, Stub and Total Stub configuration, and some gotchas to watch for on exam day!
Not /fin with this Topology of course, after this lab of fine tuning some sub-optimal routing I am taking copies of all "sh run" to be able to spin this lab up again if it ever gets the "wr er", however it will be /fin for review and onto the subject of VPN's. So, Part … Continue reading Part 6: Troubleshooting of sub-optimal routing via route-maps / redist/ policy routing, and an old friend OSPF distance comes to save the day! (GREAT review!)
(Added interface #'s to the Topology as we increase working with both IP's and interfaces) I wanted to touch this quick before moving on to policy routing, whether Distribute-Lists can block certain networks from a Summary Route, or if it's possibly at all. So I'll run through it quick here to move on: Distribute-List … Continue reading Part 4: The right ACL for the right job (Distribute-List vs Route-Map), Configuring 3-way Route Redistribution with a lot of failures but final success!!!
(The title may be misleading as ACL's will only be used for Distribute-List configuration) As seen above I have though out how to keep all the route tagging that will need to occur straight in my mind, so the route tags for EIGRP will be their AS #'s, and OSPF / RIP will be using … Continue reading Part 3: DEEP Dive into Redistribution with Route-Map tagging, and Distribute-Lists illustrated for clarity!
As previously mentioned I believe, this will be a multi-part lab in which I will configure "Multi-Point" 2-way Redistribution / Policy-Routing / Distribute-Lists / Route-Maps / and troubleshooting all along the way. Here are a few things I know I want to achieve over the several parts of this lab: Authentication deep dive for … Continue reading Part 1: Setting up the new, bigger, and better lab to configure everything we’ve learned up to this point!
Boy do I feel stupid. After spending hours of scratching my head at why this is not working yet, as OSPF seems to be gettings tags but RIP is not, that is when I really put my work under a microscope and found that I was applying OSPF2RIP in OSPF router config and the other … Continue reading Part 3: Finally got Route-Maps for Redistribution working correctly, important notes within on how!
So to begin this, right off the bat I am having trouble seeing some routes on R1 from R4, as I just did a "wr er" and reloaded / reconfigured it to be directly connected. However, on R4, things couldn't possible be going better, I created lo5 and lo15 to simulate those networks from the … Continue reading Part 2: A struggle getting RIP on R1 to get any Redistributed OSPF, may need router reconfigs