I will wrap this up with a look at OSPF and BGP Redistribution, above is a Topology I labbed during ROUTE studies of the BGP MED concept, this is to demonstrate visually the difference of iBGP vs eBGP being the AS that BGP Routers reside in. Troubleshooting Redistribution into OSPF and OSPFv3 OSPF is very … Continue reading TSHOOT – Redistribution Part 3 – OSPF, OSPFv3, and BGP Redistribution review and troubleshooting!
The above graphic is a visual demonstration of how Redistributing routes works, as we are not taking one route from a routing protocol and placing it into another protocol, we are taking routes from the IP table and placing it into "routing protocol data structures" if you remember that phrase. What Route Redistribution is at … Continue reading TSHOOT – Redistribution Part 2 – Detailed review of Redistribution, Seed Metric, RIPv2, RIPng, EIGRP IPv4 and IPv6 behaviors and troubleshooting!
Being that it has been quite awhile since my ROUTE, this will contain a lot of core / foundation concepts, and tie them into troubleshooting as I go. That said, here we go! OSPFv2 (IPv4) review and troubleshooting OSPF is configured with a Process # that is locally significant only "router ospf #" and networks … Continue reading TSHOOT – OSPFv2, OPSv3, OSPF Address-Families, huge LSA / LSDB review, and troubleshooting everything OSPF!
The displayed Topology is just an image from a ROUTE lab I ran through years ago, however most of the Review / Troubleshooting will be reviewed in IPv4 as it is exactly the same in IPv6 mode, literally only difference is the IPv6 Multicast Address. Named Mode EIGRP is a whole nother animal, it should … Continue reading TSHOOT – EIGRP for IPv4, IPv6, and the beast of a topic EIGRP “Named Mode” review and troubleshooting!
There are RIPv2 and IPv6 RIPng posts previously regarding this subject, so I will be Rippng (pun intended) right on through this article, if you type "Rip" into the search function a lot of the articles for RIPv2 will be redistribution and one for RIPng which is very straight forward. However those are more focused … Continue reading TSHOOT – Ripv2 and RIPng review and troubleshooting!
Above is the IP Packet Switching architecture, with the IP Route / ARP Table at the "Control Plane" at the Top, which then feeds the FIB (Forward Information Base) aka IP CEF and Adjacency Table to perform Hardware Packet Switching. Packet Switching is covered extremely in depth in this article, however it will be briefly … Continue reading TSHOOT – IPv4 Route Selection / Packet Switching process, Static Routing for IPv4 and IPv6 with troubleshooting!
Above is the IPv6 TSHOOT Topology, and though I will not go into RIPng or OSPFv3 in this article, I want to begin identifying IPv6 subnetworks without hesitation! The full article to understand IPv6 / Subnetting can be found here. A quick review of IPv6 Addressing concepts An IPv6 Address is 128 bits / 64 … Continue reading TSHOOT – IPv6 EUI-64, SLAAC, Auto-Configuration, DHCPv6 Stateful and Stateless review and troubleshooting!
Total credit to Wikipedia for the above graphic, it perfectly describes how Hex breaks down to binary, as I've heard so many complicated explanations of Hex that are just unnecessary when Hex is just representations of 4-bit groupings (1 byte). Hex has way too many complex explanations! Generally Hex is represented 2 characters at a … Continue reading TSHOOT – Hex Conversion and IPv6 Addressing simplified for IPv6 TSHOOT Topology, multiple subnetting examples, some real world talk mixed in!
Above is a quick reminder of different Hex values, given the previous post on FHRP troubleshooting which includes the VLAN / Router Group in Hex format. Click here for my full Hex Conversion article. It will be needed for IPv6 troubleshooting! Now a quick but necessary review of IPv4 identification! It is important to be … Continue reading TSHOOT – Hex, IPv4 Addressing, DHCP, and IP NAT review and troubleshooting!
Going to cut right to the chase here for exam day what you will need to know without a lot of explanation, as I've been reading the white papers for my second attempt this Friday, and there are just some things to know without knowing all the "why." NTPv6 - This does the same function … Continue reading IPV6: Quick straight forward notes on differences in modes for exam day!
I know I said no more posts, but IPV6 was begging for some kind of review before exam day so here it is! There are two general ways to route IPv6 packets, those being a fully native end to end IPv6 network from host - across the WAN - to the end host and back, … Continue reading IPv6: Tunnel type review, links to IPv6 address identification, migration, and GRE / DMVPN that I highly encourage you to review!
This will be a quick post with NO Topology added this time, so tomorrow I can hopefully jump right into the security section of route starting with ACL's! So I will list off the terminology for methods, the up and downs of using them, and how they stack up against other methods. One important thing … Continue reading IPv6 migration strategies from IPv4 networks, need to know details for exam day explained!
I will be recycling the last labs Topology for this and one final OSPFv3 headache, and then IPv6 is done for now (though I am sure I will recover the topics at some point). So as can be seen kind of above, it's a weird sort of RIP boundary to not block the IPv6 addresses … Continue reading RIP for IPv6 (RIPng) configurations, explanations, and plenty of examples!
I sometimes wonder how much it makes network engineers cringe when they look at a blog post (if any engineers do), and see my barely put together Topology not made in Visio as my diagram 🙂 Anyways this should be pretty quick, so far I have only configured the loopback and FastEthernet0/0 interfaces for the … Continue reading Configuration of EIGRP in IPv6, output examples and differences from v4, and some old IOS code derps!
I was going to bring R1 in on this with a Point-to-Point Serial cable, to make the Topology look a little less pathetic than the usual all out routers everywhere model, however for these topics I only need these 3 - Though I may need to for further IPv6 studies. So far I've confirmed the … Continue reading IPv6 Redistribution, Stub and Total Stub configuration, and some gotchas to watch for on exam day!