HSRP vs VRRP vs GBLP – All Default settings, Authentication, and important quick notes for Exam day!

Wanted to jot down some bullet point style notes as to the differences between the 3 FHRP's that you will see on exam day for SWITCH, and a few things you may also see on ROUTE at the bottom for Authentication and creating "Tracking objects" to increment and decrement values of the different Priority #'s … Continue reading HSRP vs VRRP vs GBLP – All Default settings, Authentication, and important quick notes for Exam day!

FHRP – First Hop Redundancy Protocols intro for the SWITCH exam!

FHRP itself describes different Gateway Redundancy / Fault-Tolerant protocols, that allow for transparent gateway fail-over upon router failure, by using different methods of creating Virtual Router IPs for host gateways. Cisco documentation describes FHRP as being either HSRP or VRRP, cited on their official website here, which I will cover along with GLBP - However … Continue reading FHRP – First Hop Redundancy Protocols intro for the SWITCH exam!

 STP – Spanning-Tree Protocol Fundamentals, Root Bridge Election, BIDs and BPDUs, STP Port Roles / States!

This is an example of STP doing what it does best, and that is putting the Amber lit port 2 in "Blocking" state, to prevent a Switching Loop from forming. This is the logical Topology for a better idea of what's plugged into what: This post is focused on the "original" STP, all the fundamentals … Continue reading  STP – Spanning-Tree Protocol Fundamentals, Root Bridge Election, BIDs and BPDUs, STP Port Roles / States!

PoE Part 1 – The fundamentals with a dip into some more complex topics, and PoE working in action and explained exhaustively!

*The image above is courtesy / cited by air-stream.org, so thanks to you guys! This particular demonstration appears to be using an STP cable (Shielded Twisted Pair), however there are other alternatives that can be used, including foils and types of screens to keep the low voltage (hopefully) working properly. As we know from CCNA, … Continue reading PoE Part 1 – The fundamentals with a dip into some more complex topics, and PoE working in action and explained exhaustively!

Adjusting Port Speeds, Duplexing, and Autonegotiation – Don’t do it!

So to begin with Port Speeds and Duplexing and configuring ports manually for full / half duplexing and speeds - Just don't do it. I say that first, because now, I am going to say why you don't want to do it. With Autonegotiation configured on two ports, they will send what is called FLP's … Continue reading Adjusting Port Speeds, Duplexing, and Autonegotiation – Don’t do it!

SDM – Switching Database Manager Template configuration and demonstration (Not Security Device Mgr)!

I think that used to be my favorite questions on the old CCNA exam, because Security Device Manager was so intuitive to navigate the GUI, there is a similar tool ASDM for ASA's that can make life so much easier on them but getting that exact Java version / OS down for it to work … Continue reading SDM – Switching Database Manager Template configuration and demonstration (Not Security Device Mgr)!

Switching Frame Decision – To Filter, Flood, or Forward as the MAC table is built, and a brief look at Layer 2 history!

Lets start from the verrrrry beginning of Switching time, when Dinosaurs roamed the internet. First came the Hub (and Bridge) that acted as one single Collision and Broadcast domain, so all nodes on the network used essentially a shared medium, which was made possible by something called CSMA/CD. What is CSMA/CD? I'm glad you asked. … Continue reading Switching Frame Decision – To Filter, Flood, or Forward as the MAC table is built, and a brief look at Layer 2 history!